Tag: Morbidity

Reflections on two decades of violence and unintentional injury prevention: Responses in South Africa

Violence and unintentional injury make up one of the four major health burdens in South Africa, along with HIV and tuberculosis (TB), chronic illness and mental health, and maternal, neonatal and child health. Despite South Africa’s remarkable political transformation, the country has continued to experience staggering levels of morbidity and mortality arising from violence and injury. National information sources have, however, been plagued by concerns of under-reporting and other inconsistencies, with significant differences highlighted by independent mortality studies. The biggest challenge in reducing the burden of violence and injury lies in its prevention and the concerted development of the science to inform it.

Ageing and Health: The SAGE survey

Though considerable attention has been paid to the ageing populations around the world, the vast majority of this attention has been focused on higher income countries. Therefore the WHO initiated the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) in six low- and middle-income countries. The aim was to improve understanding of the health and well-being of adults aged 50 years or older in these countries. The study provides information on a wide range of population health, wealth and related indicators. This article provides highlights of the findings from the first round of data collection (SAGE Wave 1) in South Africa. The resulting evidence will be used to inform policy and planning in the country.

Prevalence and the problem of falls in older persons

Falls are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in older persons, and the consequences of a fall may impact an individual severely. The costs related to falls are high for individuals, their family and society at large. Although prevalence rates for falls in older populations have been established in more developed countries, comparatively little is known of the incidence and prevalence, and risk factors for falls in older populations in less developed countries. This article describes a prevalence study conducted in Cape Town. Knowledge of the incidence and prevalence of falls, and associated risk factors, and prevention and effective management of falls are relevant in the public health domain.

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