Dismantling the Chain: The Link between Gender-based Violence and HIV in South African Women
South Africa is home to the largest number of people living with HIV compared to any other country, with an estimated 5.6 million people in 2011 (1). Compared to other regions like Eastern Europe where injection drug use primarily drives HIV, heterosexual sex primarily drives the HIV epidemic in South Africa. The HIV prevalence in Cape Town, South Africa’s second largest city, is 13%, with prevalence reaching as high as 25% in impoverished urban townships and informal settlements (2). All around the world, the populations that are most vulnerable to and affected by disease, including HIV, are the poor, marginalized, and/or individuals with relatively low access to economic, political, and social resources.
Reversing the HIV epidemic in South Africa: an insider’s view?
As we enter 2015, we have less than a year to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This is also the year when the United Nations is expected to adopt the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which no doubt South Africa will sign up to like we did in 2000 when we signed up to the MDGs. This is a good time to reflect on South Africa’s achievements and continuing challenges in achieving all of the MDGs, but the HIV goals in particular.
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