Though considerable attention has been paid to the ageing populations around the world, the vast majority of this attention has been focused on higher income countries. Therefore the WHO initiated the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) in six low- and middle-income countries. The aim was to improve understanding of the health and well-being of adults aged 50 years or older in these countries. The study provides information on a wide range of population health, wealth and related indicators. This article provides highlights of the findings from the first round of data collection (SAGE Wave 1) in South Africa. The resulting evidence will be used to inform policy and planning in the country.
Falls are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in older persons, and the consequences of a fall may impact an individual severely. The costs related to falls are high for individuals, their family and society at large. Although prevalence rates for falls in older populations have been established in more developed countries, comparatively little is known of the incidence and prevalence, and risk factors for falls in older populations in less developed countries. This article describes a prevalence study conducted in Cape Town. Knowledge of the incidence and prevalence of falls, and associated risk factors, and prevention and effective management of falls are relevant in the public health domain.
The Agincourt Health and Demographic Surveillance System is based in Bushbuckridge, Mpumalanga. Studies carried out from the 1990s were already uncovering the emerging problem of the chronic diseases of ageing problem, when stroke was found to be an important cause of death. In a subsequent study it was found that the Agincourt area also had a surprisingly high proportion of people who had survived a stroke and were living with the effects. At the same time it was demonstrated that there was a high prevalence of hypertension among all adults and of obesity among women. Given these results the Agincourt HDSS decided to focus an area of research on older people and their wellbeing. One important outcome was a collaborative study with WHO and the INDEPTH network investigating the health situation of older people and the factors associated with poor health, functionality, or quality of life; The multi-site Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE). The results from Agincourt are discussed here.
The main purpose of this Lekgotla was to come up with a collaborative action plan to inform the future planning of environmental health services in the country.
Issues concerning the older persons in SSA are currently not being given as much attention as they require e.g. poverty, care for the elderly, end of life decisions and Older persons policies.
Some highlights of the 1st Congress on Healthy Ageing which was held from 19th-22 March 2012 at the Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre in Malaysia.
On 29 November 2011 the PHASA AGM was held and the minutes of this meeting are now available.
On 6 March 2011 the PHASA executive committee Lekgotla was held and the report of this meeting is now available.
At the conclusion of the 13th World Congress on Public Health, held 22 – 27 April 2012 in Addis Abeba (Ethiopia), the WFPHA issued the Addis Ababa Declaration.
On 5 and 6 July, the People’s Health Movement is hosting the South African National Health Assembly in alliance with the National Health Insurance Coalition.